Balkan lynx are found almost exclusively in Albania and Macedonia, with smaller populations living in Montenegro and Kosovo. This subspecies of lynx have been on the brink of extinction for over a century. Though Balkan lynxes remain the largest wildcat in the Balkans, it is thought that only around 50 still survive. Estimates say 30 to 40 may remain in Macedonia, while 15 to 20 survive in Albania. Though the Balkan lynx has been protected by law since 1969, it is thought that illegal poaching continues to diminish their numbers in their final remaining habitats.